Her father ascended the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in , from which time she was the heir presumptive. She was educated privately at home and began to undertake public duties during the Second World War , serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. When her father died in February , Elizabeth — then 25 years old — became head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom , Canada , Australia , New Zealand , South Africa , Pakistan , and Ceylon. She has reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom , accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities , Brexit , Canadian patriation , and the decolonisation of Africa. Between and , the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence, and as realms, including South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon renamed Sri Lanka , became republics.
Queen Elizabeth II - HISTORY
Queen Elizabeth II has since served as reigning monarch of the United Kingdom England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland and numerous other realms and territories, as well as head of the Commonwealth, the group of 53 sovereign nations that includes many former British territories. Extremely popular for nearly all of her long reign, the queen is known for taking a serious interest in government and political affairs, apart from her ceremonial duties, and is credited with modernizing many aspects of the monarchy. In September , Elizabeth surpassed the record of 63 years and days on the throne set by Queen Victoria her great-great-grandmother to become the longest-reigning British monarch in history. Though she spent much of her childhood with nannies, Princess Elizabeth was influenced greatly by her mother, who instilled in her a devout Christian faith as well as a keen understanding of the demands of royal life. Her grandmother, Queen Mary, consort of King George V, also instructed Elizabeth and her younger sister Margaret in the finer points of royal etiquette. Educated by private tutors, with an emphasis on British history and law, the princess also studied music and learned to speak fluent French.
Photographer Chris Levine's best shot
I was commissioned to make a holographic portrait of the Queen in , as part of Jersey's celebrations of its year-old relationship with the monarchy. She was tickled by the idea of having a hologram done. I assumed there would be layers of bureaucracy when it came to telling her what to do — but the truth is, if she wants to be involved, it goes straight on to her desk.
Queen Elizabeth 2 , often referred to simply as QE2 , is a retired British ocean liner converted into a floating hotel. Originally built for the Cunard Line , Queen Elizabeth 2 was operated by Cunard as both a transatlantic liner and a cruise ship from to She was then laid up until converted and since 18 April has been operating as a floating hotel in Dubai. She served as the flagship of the line from until succeeded by the Queen Mary 2 in She was considered the last of the transatlantic ocean liners until Queen Mary 2 entered service.