Karl Marx founded the Marxist perspective in which he argues that we live in a capitalist society, where society is divided between two main classes; the ruling class known as the bourgeoisie who own the means of production and the working class, the proletariat who own no capital so they are forced to sell their labour to live Marx, Marx argues that these two classes are the main reason for why there is conflict within society. This is linked to one of Marx main ideas of the base and superstructure. Some of this sociological perspective has brought social, political, and economic reformation in many communities in some parts of the world today also, it will further discuss some criticism about these perspectives and looking into some contemporary. They are both sociological perspectives which have theories about society and the people that live within it. They attempt to explain how society influences people, and similarly how people influence society.
Essay on The Marxist Crime Perspective of Conflict Theory
Cultural Conflict Theory: The Causes Of Crime - Words | Cram
In this the individual identity, values and attitude are seen in context of society, how an individual act, react and change with others. According to this theory, we become what we think that other people think about us. What other people think of us is communicated to us by applying labels, this means that people are labeled as criminals, crazy people, etc. The weakness of this theory is that it ignores the primary deviance and also underestimates the impact of other circumstances that lead to illegal behavior. These laws are strongly enforced against the weak and middle class people rather than uniform application that will include the upper class people. It is the people who have been arrested once for a crime who can be rearrested again for the same crime instead of any other person.
Cultural Conflict Theory: The Causes Of Crime
This rules create certain expectations however, not everybody has the same means to achieve those goals. Additionally, criminals living in a socially disorganize place where poverty thrives have blocked opportunities which creates a subculture of violence which leads them to engage in alternative lifestyles and values that are deviant in society. This problem is seen more in lower class neighborhoods which have been socially isolated creating tons of disadvantages for them. When society looks at crime offenders, most people assume that the offenders are breaking the law because they come from a broken home, are of non-white ethnic background, live in poverty and belong to a gang.
His picture did more justice than his conviction. By the , more were victims to the justice system. During the 80s, a drug epidemic was considered the worst economic crisis. This war on drugs made even more families poorer and the rich richer.